Asian Plant Research Journal https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ <p><strong>Asian Plant Research Journal (ISSN: 2581-9992) </strong>aims to publish high quality papers <a href="https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/general-guideline-for-authors">(Click here for Types of paper)</a> in all aspects of plant research. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US contact@journalaprj.com (Asian Plant Research Journal) contact@journalaprj.com (Asian Plant Research Journal) Wed, 31 Jan 2024 10:08:27 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.11 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Taxonomic Diversity of Climbers and the Preferred Support Plant Species at Brackenhurst Botanical Garden, Kiambu County, Central Kenya https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/239 <p>Kenya has a flora consisting of seven plant distribution regions designated as (K1-K7). According to the early administrative division of Kenya, seven plant distribution regions (K1–K7) had been divided by "Flora of Tropical East Africa" (hereafter FTEA). Brackenhurst Botanical Garden where the current study was undertaken (Hereafter BBG) is located in Kiambu County, central Kenya, therefore falling under K4 region (the central region) and has 4 forest plots, creating great plant diversity. This study examined the current Liana and vines and their support plants diversity in BBG. This survey therefore aimed at compiling and synthesizing existing and where possible, new information on the climbers and support plants in Brackenhurst plots in Limuru, Kenya. The ultimate purpose was to provide stakeholders with information on the climbers’ diversity and the resources derived from them. Information of the native range and their IUCN red list status was also investigated in the current study. The sampling design comprised of meander and patterned searches because of the terrain at the BBG. This method was set up specifically to facilitate ecological sampling of climbers which are notorious for clumped distribution. All the voucher specimens collected were dried and kept in herbaria at JKUAT and BBG. A total of 31 vascular plant taxa from 17 vascular plant families and 27 genera were recorded. The majority of taxa were recorded in the Passifloraceae, Rhamnaceae, and Asteraceae families. The flora of the entire site was rich in climbers and their support plants. The study recommends more research to be done on the ethnobotanical uses of the climbers since most have medicinal value as seen from this study.</p> Sandra Jemutai Kerio , Peter Kariuki Njenga Copyright (c) 2024 Kerio and Njenga; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/239 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring the Antimicrobial Efficacy of Embelia Keniensis Leaf Extracts against Selected Microbial Strains https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/237 <p>The pursuit of novel bioactive compounds from natural sources has prompted an assessment of the antimicrobial properties and phytochemical composition of Embelia keniensis leaf extracts. Embelia keniensis is one of the five Myrsinaceae species endemic to Kenya. The interest in the scientific investigation of Embelia keniensis crude extracts is based on the claims of their effective use for the treatment of many diseases such as chest pains, common cold and stomach ailments. The plants used in this study were derived from Brackenhurst Botanical Garden Limuru sub-county, Kiambu County, central Kenya. The study was conducted from January to March 2023 at the Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology. The study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of crude extracts of this plant against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans. The antimicrobial activity was determined through the disc diffusion method. Both methanol and water were employed for extraction; however, neither demonstrated promising activities against the test organisms. Notably, the water extract exhibited greater potency compared to the methanolic extract against Escherichia coli. The water extract displayed a maximum inhibition zone of 9mm at a concentration of 1mg/ml. similar findings were observed for Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans with inhibition zones of 9mm and 7 mm, respectively, at the same concentration. Preliminary phytochemical screening identified the presence of bioactive agents such as saponins and flavonoids, while tannins and terpenoids were absent. Despite the observed zones of inhibition, the plant extract fell short of meeting the clinical and laboratory standards institute breakpoints for susceptibility and intermediate levels. Instead, they exhibited resistance breakpoints, rendering the plant extracts ineffective for antimicrobial activities. Nevertheless, this outcome does not negate the potential of the plant extract. Factors like mode of action and microorganism susceptibility could influence their effectiveness. Further evaluation is warranted to fully comprehend the potential of <em>Embelia keniensis</em> extracts. This study provides insight into their antimicrobial activity and a preliminary phytochemical profile.</p> Henry Githinji , Peter K Njenga Copyright (c) 2024 Githinji and Njenga; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/237 Wed, 24 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Incidence and Severity of Vine Rot and Wilt Disease of Telfairia occidentalis Caused by Athelia rolfii in Southern, Nigeria https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/240 <p><em>Telfairia occidentalis</em> is an important vegetable crop that is intensively grown in Southern Nigeria for its utilization in home dishes and commercialization. However, its production is being limited by vine rot infection caused by <em>Athelia rolfsii</em>. Information on the epidemiology in growing regions is important for the disease management. Hence, this study was conducted to investigate the incidence and severity of vine rot disease of <em>Telfairia occidentalis</em> in commercial fields across Abak, Akwa Ibom State. A total of nine established <em>T. occidentalis</em> fields in three locations, including the Cross River Basin Development Authority, Abak-Irrigation Project, were visited during the peak of dry season (November – December), 2021 and raining season (June - August), 2022 respectively. The fields were scored for vine rot disease incidence and severity using a well described scale. Random samples from symptomatic plants were collected and taken to the laboratory for fungi isolation and identification. Koch postulate was carried out to confirm the causal agents on one susceptible genotype of <em>T. occidentalis</em> in the study area. Overall number of plants showing varying levels of symptoms reaches 84% and total values for mean incidences’ rate (3.31 ± 0.06&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; and 3.19 ± 0.06) were recorded for both sampling period respectively. The result of this study revealed that the prevalent fungal pathogen that is responsible for vine rot and wilt disease of <em>T. occidentalis</em> in the study is <em>A. rolfsii</em> and presented information on the level and severity of infection that is indicative of the need to implement appropriate control measures for <em>A. rolfsii</em> disease in the study area.</p> Uwaidem Yakubu Ismaila, Okon Godwin Okon, Udoh Lovina, Adenike Oluwaseun Copyright (c) 2024 Uwaidem et al.; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/240 Tue, 20 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 New Distributional Record of Alysicarpus rugosus (Willd.) DC. from the State Odisha, India https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/238 <p>A wild habitat of <em>Alysicarpus rugosus </em>(Willd.) DC. is reported for the first time for the flora of Odisha from Rourkela Forest Division. A detailed description with nomenclature, habitat, associated species and photographs are provided for easy identification in the field.</p> Jashabanta Sethi , Rajkumari Supriya Devi , Nibedita Jena , Sanjeet Kumar Copyright (c) 2024 Sethi et al.; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/238 Mon, 05 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000