https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/issue/feed Asian Plant Research Journal 2024-04-13T11:37:33+00:00 Asian Plant Research Journal contact@journalaprj.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Asian Plant Research Journal (ISSN: 2581-9992) </strong>aims to publish high quality papers <a href="https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/general-guideline-for-authors">(Click here for Types of paper)</a> in all aspects of plant research. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/248 Enhancing Sesame Yield in Arid Conditions through NPK Fertilizer Optimization 2024-04-06T13:22:04+00:00 Saqib Hanif Talha Nasir Sial Muhammad Khizar Hayat mkhizar7203@gmail.com Mubashir Tariq Saba Mehwish Muhammad Usman Muhammad Ali Shabbir Syeda Hira Benish Muhammad Bilal Muhammad Haseeb Abdullah Sheharyar Alam <p>Sesame, an important oilseed crop and valuable source of protein, plays a central role in global agriculture. This study, conducted during the 2021-2022 Kharif season at Karor Adaptive Research Farm (ARF), Layyah, Pakistan, aimed to optimize the use of NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) fertilizers to increase sesame yield under dry conditions. Our research aimed to determine the most effective application rates of NPK fertilizer (34:24:12) kg/acre for sesame variety TH-6 in the region, consistent with the objectives of maximizing sesame yield and biomass accumulation. The experimental design RCBD included multiple treatments, with meticulous attention to plot sizes, replicates, and robust data collection and analysis methods. These measures ensure the reliability of our results and their potential applicability to similar agroclimatic conditions. The use of NPK fertilizer at the rate of (113:113:60) kg ha-1 in ARF gave promising results. A maximum grain yield of 765.3 kg ha-1 was observed in 2021, exceeding the yield of 738.6 kg ha-1 in 2022. Similarly, the use of NPK (113:113:60) kg ha-1 in a farmer's field resulted in a maximum grain yield of 828.6 kg ha-1 in 2021, as opposed to 702.6 kg ha-1 in 2022. These results highlight the potential of NPK fertilizer application combined with optimal field practices to increase sesame yield and its components under the challenging agro-climatic conditions of Karor, Layyah. The discussion interprets the results and emphasizes the importance of NPK fertilizers for sesame cultivation. Although our primary focus is not on climate discussions, the consistent methodology in both years, from sowing to harvesting, revealed significant differences in yield and growth parameters, leading to climate change being considered as a potential contributing factor. This study shows that the application of NPK fertilizer at the rate of (113:113:60) kg ha-1 can significantly increase sesame yield under adverse conditions.</p> 2024-04-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/249 Yield Performance of Some White Maize Varieties in Response to Planting Spacings at Sher-E-Bangla Agricultural University Farm in Bangladesh 2024-04-10T12:50:49+00:00 Md. Mahirul Islam Biswas mahirul71@gmail.com Md. Jafar Ullah Hasina Begum Lutfunnaher Laila <p>The experiment were conducted at the Agronomy Field of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University in Bangladesh to investigate the effect of white maize variety and planting spacing on growth, yield and yield attributes. The treatments were two hybrid white maize variety viz. V<sub>1</sub> = PSC-121 and V<sub>2 </sub>= KS-510 and three planting spacing viz. S<sub>1</sub> = 50 cm x 25 cm, S<sub>2 </sub>= 60 cm x 25 cm and S<sub>3</sub> = 70 cm x 25 cm. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Results revealed that variety and plant spacing had significant effect on the studied characters and yield. The highest plant height, longest cob, highest number of kernel cob<sup>-1</sup>, the highest 100-grain weight, maximum grain yield and stover yield were observed in hybrid white maize PSC-121. On the other hand, the shortest plant, lowest number of grains cob<sup>-1</sup>, 100-grain weight, grain yield and stover yield were observed in hybrid white maize KS-510. The longest plant, highest number of kernel cob<sup>-1</sup>, the highest 100 grain weight was recorded in the spacing of 70 cm × 25 cm but lowest grain yield (7.52 t ha<sup>-1</sup>) and stover yield (9.362 t ha<sup>-1</sup>). In contrast, the spacing 50 cm × 25 cm produced the lowest values of the above mentioned plant parameters but showed the highest grain yield (9.20 t ha<sup>-1</sup>) and stover yield (11.64 t ha<sup>-1</sup>). In regard to interaction effect of variety and spacing, V<sub>1</sub>S<sub>1</sub> (PSC-121 with 50 cm x 25 cm) interaction produced the highest grain yield (9.60 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), biological yield (21.621 t ha<sup>-1</sup>) and harvest index (46.01%). On the other hand, V<sub>2</sub>S<sub>3</sub> (KS-510 with 70 cm x 25 cm) interaction achieved the lowest grain yield (7.36 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), biological yield (16.94 t ha<sup>-1</sup>) and harvest index (43.151%). Based on the experimental results, it may be concluded that maize (cv. hybrid white maize PSC-121) can be cultivated with a spacing of 50 cm × 25 cm for appreciable grain yield due to higher number of plant per unit area.</p> 2024-04-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalaprj.com/index.php/APRJ/article/view/250 Qualitative and Quantitative Phytochemicals Screening of Aqueous, Methanol and Hexane Leaves Extracts of Senna Occidentalis 2024-04-13T11:37:33+00:00 Alkali K. kaumi_alkali@yahoo.com Dikwa K. B. G.A. Ajibade Y Magaji Abdulhamid M.B <p>The <em>Senna occidentalis</em> tree is an incredible plant with incredible antimicrobial, antifungal and antimalarial activities used traditionally. The study was carried out to determine the phytochemical content responsible for these activities&nbsp; Fresh leaves were collected, aqueous, methanolic and hexane extracts of leaves were prepared, and the extracts were screened for phytochemical constituents using standard methods. Results of the phytochemical screening of all the crude extracts revealed the presence of saponins, tannins, steroids, phenol, alkaloid and flavonoid. In aqeuose extract, flavonoid show higher content of 2,47%, followed by tepernoid with 2.27%, methanol with higher content of tepernoid with 2.60%, and hexane with the highest in tepernoid with only 2.38%. Based on the present study, it can be concluded that the extracts of <em>Senna occidentalis</em> are rich source of phytochemicals and <span style="text-decoration: line-through;">F</span> flavonoid is found to be most abundant phytochemical presence of bioactive constituents that could be the reason for pharmacological activity that is used traditionally by many people as an alternative treatment for a variety of health diseases.</p> 2024-04-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.