Asian Plant Research Journal 2020-11-29T20:41:09+00:00 Asian Plant Research Journal Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Plant Research Journal (ISSN: 2581-9992)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers <a href="/index.php/APRJ/general-guideline-for-authors">(Click here for Types of paper)</a> in all aspects of plant research. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> Comparative Performance of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and Conventional Methods of Rice Cultivation in Gopalganj District of Bangladesh 2020-11-29T20:41:09+00:00 Md. Robiul Islam Akondo Md. Belal Hossain Sayed Eshtiak Akter Md. Morshedul Islam <p>An experiment was conducted at BINA sub-station, Gopalganj during <em>Aus</em> season in 2019-20 to compare the performance between System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and conventional rice cultivation methods. In this experiment the treatments were system of rice intensification (SRI) and conventional method of rice cultivation and the test crop was Binadhan-14. In SRI method (A<sub>10</sub>S<sub>2</sub>M) seedling age (A) was 10 days, no. of seedlings/hill (S) was 2 and irrigated condition was moist (M).&nbsp; In conventional method (A<sub>25</sub>S<sub>3</sub>F) seedling age (A) was 25 days, no. of seedlings/hill (S) was 3 and irrigated condition was flooded (F). In terms of plant height, tillers/hill and dry matter partitioning SRI performed better than the conventional method of rice cultivation. SRI showed better performance in terms of yield contributing characters than conventional cultivation method. SRI showed the highest yield (7 t/ha) than conventional (6.67 t/ha) cultivation method.</p> 2020-11-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Assessment of Phytoecological Parameters of Forest Massifs in the Kwilu Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 2020-11-29T20:41:08+00:00 Y. B. da-Musa Masens Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua Mandung Masens John Makiadi Tambu Tembeni Gédéon Ngiala Bongo <p>Rainforests constitute the great green heart of Africa and thus they present a unique combination of ecological, climatic and human interactions. The degradation of various forest ecosystems in mainly tropical regions and more particularly in sub-Saharan Africa has been a constant reality since the emergence of man. Faced to this almost alarming picture, most often linked to the countless economic challenges and calamitous management and confronted with unavoidable climate change, it seemed appropriate and imperative to assess the quantities of Air Biomass, sequestered carbon stocks, carbon equivalent and basal area produced by various forest massifs encountered in the Kwilu province. This study was carried out at the Kiyaka Agricultural Research Station located in the south of Kikwit. Five blocks of 100 m / 20 m were delineated using a 200 m long nylon wire divided into 10 m intervals. The system thus delimited made it possible to inventory all the trees, of which dbh measured at 1.30 m at chest height is ≥ 10 cm. The findings showed that species are divided into 11 orders, 42 genera and 19 families. The following systematic units are best represented in terms of number of plant species. These families are namely: Fabaceae, Malvaceae, Apocynaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Olacaceae, which together contain 26 plant species, while nine families are poorly represented. However, this reserve is threatened by its occupants on all sides; they do not want to clear large areas of forest for their field work. It is therefore urgent for INERA/Kiyaka officials to take the necessary measures for its full protection.</p> 2020-11-12T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Study of Ethnobotanical Uses by Local Healers in Taktse Chiwog from Central Bhutan 2020-11-29T20:41:07+00:00 Dorji Penjor Taw Tshering Gangaram Bhattaria Tshering Namgay <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To document the ethnobotanical uses in Taktse <em>Chiwog</em> (Village blocks) by local healers.</p> <p><strong>Study Design: </strong>Semi-structured interview and direct interview was conducted with the prior approval from the <em>Chiwog </em>official. Two local healers/informants were contacted for interview &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;before field visits based on their popularity and experience of using medicinal plants in their &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;locality.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study: </strong>The study was conducted at Taktse <em>Chiwog, </em>Trongsa Dzongkhag<em>, </em>Bhutan between July and October 2019.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>Two local healers were identified based on their experience on ethno medical practice. Multiple approaches were taken such as botanical inventories, collection of plant specimens, semi-structured and direct interviews with local healers including free listing &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;(FL) and preference ranking (PR) to collect the information on medicinal use/s using questionnaires.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Eighty Two plant species from forty nine families were recorded with their ethno medicinal uses by the local healers against various ailments and diseases.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This study suggests that most of the medicinal plants available within locality are commonly used by the healers for the treating different diseases, dislocation and fracture of musculoskeletal system.</p> 2020-11-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of Organic Fertilization and Amino Acids on Growth, Chemical Composition and Capsaicin Content of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annum L var. Minimum) Plant 2020-11-29T20:41:05+00:00 K. A. Hammam E. A. Eisa A. A. Dewidar <p>This investigation was conducted in a private farm, Samannoud district, El-Gharbia Governorate, Egypt, during two successive seasons of 2017 and 2018 to study the effect of organic fertilizers and foliar spray of amino acid on vegetative growth, fruit yield, chemical composition and capsaicin content of hot pepper (<em>Capsicum annum</em> L var. Minimum) plant. The experiment included 13 treatments obtained from cattle manure at rates of 60 and 30 N-units per fed. combined with amino acid at 0, 100 and 200 ppm as well as chicken fertilizer at rates of 60 and 30 N-units per fed combined with amino acid at 0, 100 and 200 ppm, besides the treatment of NPK at recommended dose as a control. A complete randomized block design with three replicates was adopted.</p> <p>The obtained results showed that, the highest values from vegetative growth parameters,&nbsp; fruit yield, chemicals composition and capsaicin content were obtained from plants treated with cattle manure full dose + 200 ppm amino acids , followed by plants treated with chicken manure full dose + 200 ppm amino acids compared with all treatments except plant height, the highest value was obtained from plants treated with NPK (control) in the two seasons. Amino acid had a great effect when added with organic fertilization, whether cattle manure or chicken fertilizer at a concentration of 100 or 200 ppm. Based on the previous results, it could be recommend that spraying amino acids (glycine and glutamine) at the rate of 200 ppm along with organic fertilizers at the rate of 60 nitrogen units per feddan get the highest fruits yield, Vitamin C and capsaicin of hot pepper.</p> 2020-11-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Application of Genomics and Phenomics in Plant Breeding for Climate Resilience 2020-11-28T03:34:41+00:00 Noel Ndlovu <p>Advances in the fields of genomics and phenomics are currently creating significant foundations for the sustainable intensification of plant breeding initiatives targeting climate resilience. Genomics is a biological study that focuses on architecture, function, editing, mapping, and evolution of genomes. It can be applied extensively in climate resilience breeding for cost-effective, rapid, and high-through put genotyping, phenotyping, and trait mapping. The efficacy of genomics-assisted breeding (GAB) is strongly hinged on the high resolution and robustness of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) and CRISPR/Cas9-based Gene Editing systems. The integration of genomics and phenomics in crop improvement can upscale the efficiency of breeding systems targeting climate resilience and hasten cultivar release cycle. Phenomics is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on the enhanced measurement of plant performance, growth, and composition. Similarly, phenomics has revolutionized the efficacy of plant breeding off-trial initiatives established to phenotypically characterize and study diversity levels of collected germplasm. Field phenomics tools such as the phenonet, phenomobile, and phenonetwork have proven to be efficient in capturing large sums of multiscale and multidimensional experimental data. The main purpose of this review article is to present a summarized account of the probable applications of integrated systems of genomics and phenomics in plant breeding for climate resilience in major crops.</p> 2020-11-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##