Nutritional Health Benefits and Bioactive Compounds of Mangifera indica L (Mango) Leaves Methanolic Extracts

Bashir Alabi Ali

Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Faculty Natural Sciences, Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria.

Abdullahi Attah Alfa *

Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Faculty Natural Sciences, Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria.

Kokori Bajeh Tijani

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences, Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria.

Egbeja Tsobaza Idris

Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty Natural Sciences, Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria.

Umar Sabdat Unoyiza

Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty Natural Sciences, Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria.

Yahaya Junaidu

Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Mango leaves (Mangifera indica) contain a lot of beneficial phytopharmacological compounds to remedy various diseases through its nutritional bioactives. Mangifera indica leaves were successfully collected from healthy mango tree. The qualitative phytochemical analysis of obtained, indicated the presence of many medicinally important secondary metabolite present which are alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, and total phenol with no trace of cardiac glycosides. This indicates that the (Mangifera indica) possess high profile values and can be used to treat various kinds of diseases. The quantitative phytochemical analysis of mango leave extract obtained revealed that, the content of total phenol was high (1.342 ± 0.001mg/g) and the least concentration was observed in cardiac glycosides (0.136 ± 0.001mg/g). It also contain 1.054 ± 0.001mg/g of flavonoid. The extract was found to contain 0.977 ± 0.001mg/g of tannins. The concentration of alkaloid observed was 0.300 ± 0.141mg/g. Saponins was 0.244 ± 0.001mg/g concentration. The proximate composition of a nutritional benefits of mango leaves. It has crude protein value of 18.59%, for the carbohydrates is higher in it has a value of 30.60%. The percentage ash content which is an indicator of the quality of mineral nutrients present has a value of 11.49%. Crude firbre content has a value of 13.99%. Estimation of vitamins in the leaves of Mango, where vitamin A, B, C, E (121, 189, 30, 10). The mineral compositions in the leaves of Mango are Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, P, N, Mn (28, 589, 368, 98, 343, 14, 480, 2, 3). The metalocompounds play a vital roles in human health physiology. This research classified a large number of nutritional benefits available from various sources and used in the treatment of various diseases such as Cardiovascular, anemia, Obesity, Diabetes, Cancer, Alzheimer, Parkinson, Inflammation, and Allergy. These are cured by herbal nutrition or food herb dietary condiment for phytotherapeutic purposes. The presence of various phytochemicals in the tested plant reveals that this plant may be a good source for production of new drugs for various ailments.

Keywords: Mango leaf, health benefits, bioactive compounds, methanolic extract, treating diseases


How to Cite

Ali, B. A., Alfa, A. A., Tijani, K. B., Idris, E. T., Unoyiza, U. S., & Junaidu, Y. (2020). Nutritional Health Benefits and Bioactive Compounds of Mangifera indica L (Mango) Leaves Methanolic Extracts. Asian Plant Research Journal, 6(2), 41–51. https://doi.org/10.9734/aprj/2020/v6i230126

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