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This research was carried out to determine the effect of population density on the performance components of false flax (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz). This would allow to determine the effect of increasing the number of seeds of the false flaxon the yield and also the appropriate sowing distance under Konya conditions. The research was developed in the experimental field of Çumra Vocational School, Konya, Turkey. The experimental design was randomized complete blocks designwith three repetitions. Analyzes were made using the Jump statistics program.A thousand seeds were weighed and 4 different planting population densities were used: 500, 750, 1000 and 1250 seeds per square meter.On May 2, 2014 it was sown and on August 10, 2014 it was harvested. Plant height, number of plants per m2, biomass, root length, number of capsules, number of seeds per capsules, weight of a thousand seeds and other yield values were evaluated. The vegetative period of false flax under Konya ecological conditions was 100 days. The thousand-grain weight was 1.4 g (500) to 2 g (1000), plant height 58.3 cm (500) to 74 cm (750) and root length 9.6 cm (1000) to 16.3 cm (750). The number of capsules per plant and of seeds per capsule ranged from 152.6 (750) to 571.6 (500) and from 11 (1000) to 19.6 (500). In this study, It was found that applications of 1250 seeds per m2 were the most suitable sowing density for yield
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