Response of Mung Bean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] to Levels of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer under Irrigation in Central Ethiopia

Main Article Content

Mezgebu Demeke
M. W. Tesema
Tamado Tana
Jemal Abdulahi


Mung bean has become an important cash and food crop in dry land areas of Ethiopia. However, there is no sufficient research information on the nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizers rates for the crop in the study area. Thus, field experiment was conducted to determine the effects of N and P fertilizer rates on growth, yield components and yield of mung bean under irrigation at Nura-Era, central Ethiopia. The treatments consisted of factorial combinations of three N fertilizer rates (0, 23 and 46 kg N ha-1) in the form of Urea (46% N) and five P fertilizer rates (0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 kg P ha-1) in the form of Triple Superphosphate (20% P)  laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Result of the main effect of nitrogen rate showed significantly highest number of primary branches per plant (4.25), number of  pods per plant (17.7), and 100 seed weight (4.94 g) at 23 kg N ha-1. Similarly, the main effect of P fertilizer rate showed that the application of 40 kg P ha-1 produced significantly the highest number of primary branches per plant (4.79), highest number of pods per plant (20.85), the highest number of seeds per pod (6.24), the highest aboveground dry biomass (6838.83 kg ha-1), the highest 100 seed weight (5.21 g) and the highest harvest index (25.96%). The interaction of N and P rates showed that the combination of 23 kg N ha-1 and 40 kg P ha-1 gave the highest grain yield (1902.78 kg ha-1). Thus, the combination of 23 kg N ha-1 and 40 kg P ha-1 can be used to increase the productivity of mung bean in the study area.

Central Ethiopia, grain yield, mung bean, nitrogen, phosphorus.

Article Details

How to Cite
Demeke, M., Tesema, M. W., Tana, T., & Abdulahi, J. (2020). Response of Mung Bean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] to Levels of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer under Irrigation in Central Ethiopia. Asian Plant Research Journal, 6(3), 10-17.
Original Research Article


Keatinge JDH, Easdown WJ, Yang, RY, Chadha ML, Shanmugasundaram S. Overcoming chronic malnutrition in a future warming world: the key importance of mung bean and vegetable soya bean. Euphytica. 2011;180(1):129-141.

Ali M, Gupta S. Carrying capacity of Indian agriculture: pulse crops. Current Science. 2012;102(6):874-881.

Imire B. The New Rural Industries: A hand Book for farmers and Investors: mung bean; 1998. Available: book/mung bean.html Accessed on August 20, 2017.

Asrat Asfaw, Fekadu Gurum, Fetsum Alemayehu, Yayis Rezene. Analysis of multienvironment grain yield trials in mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek based on GGE bipot in Southern Ethiopia. Agricultural Science and Technology. 2012;14:389-398

CSA (Central Statistical Agency). Agricultural Sample Survey 2014/2015 (2007 E.C.). Vol- I. Report on Area and Production of Major Crops. Statistical Bulletin-278. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2015.

Asgelil Dibabo. Effect of fertilizer on the yield nodulation pattern of faba bean on a Nitosol of Adet, North western Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of National Research. 2000;2:237-244.

Abayomi YA, Arjibade, TV, Sam F. Growth and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp.) Genotype of nitrogen fertilizer (N P K) application in southern Gucinea Savanna zone of Nigeria. Asian Plant Science. 2008;7:170-176.

Yohanes Uloro, Richer. P efficiency of different varieties of Phaseolus vulgaris and Sorghum bicolor on an Alfisols in Eastern Ethiopia Highlands. Ethiopian Journal Natural Resource. 1999;1:187-200.

Ardeshna RB, Modhwadia MM, Khanpara VD, Patel JC. Response of Green gram (Phaseolus-radiatus) to Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Rhizobium inoculation. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 1993;38(3): 490-492.

Patel JR, Patel ZG. Effect of foliar fertilization of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth and yield of summer green gram (Phaseolus radiatus). Indian Journal of Agronomy.1994;39(4):578-580.

Landon JR. Booker tropical soil manual: A handbook for soil survey and agricultural land evaluation in the tropics and subtropics. Longman Scientific and Technical, Essex, New York. 1991;474.

GenStat. GenStat Procedure Library Release.18th edition. VSN International Ltd.; 2015.

Abdul Kabir Khan, Achakzai Habibullah, Basharat Hussain Shah, Mirza Abdul Wahid. 2012. Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer on the Growth of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] Grown in Quetta. Pak. J. Bot. 2012;44(3):981-987.

Sanaullah Jamro, Muhammad Ali Ansari, Majid Ali Jamro, Muhammad Irfan Ahmad, Waheed Ahmed Siddiqui, Shahid Ahmad Junejo, Soualihou Soualiou, Sikandar Ali Jamro. Growth and Yield Response of Mung bean under the Influence of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Combination Levels. J. Appl. Environ. Biol. Sci. 2018; 8(7):10-19.

Nadira Akter. Kamal Hossain, Mohammad Nizam Uddin, Fazlul Hoque, Billal Hossain. Effect of Phosphorus on Growth, Yield and Yield Contributing Characters of Mung bean. International Journal of Innovative Research. 2019;4(2):39–43.

Hussain F, Malik AU, Haji MA, Malghani AL. Growth and yield response of two cultivars of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) to different potassium levels. Journal of Animal and Plant Science. 2011;21(3):622-625.

Amanullah J, Alam K, Stewart BA. Mungbean response to tillage systems and phosphorus management under moisture stress condition. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2012;35(1):21–33.

Rahman MM, Bhuiyan MMH, Satradhar GNC, Rahman MM, Paul AK. Effect of phosphorus, molybdenum and Rhizobium inoculation on yield and yield attributes of mung bean. International Journal of Sustainable Crop Production. 2008;3(6): 26-33.

Basu TK, Bandyopadhyay S. Effects of Rhizobium inoculation and nitrogen application on some yield attributes of moong. Environment and Ecology. 1990; 8(2):650-654.

Malik Asghar, Farrukh Saleem M, Asghar Ali, Ijaz Mahmood. Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Application on Growth, Yield and Quality of Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.). Pak. J. Agri. Sci. 2003;40(3-4):133-136.

Yemane A, Skjelvag AO. Effects of fertilizer phosphorus on yield traits of Dekoko (Pisum sativum var. Abyssinicum) under field conditions. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 2003;189: 14-20.

Khan FS, Ahmed ZI, Muhammad A, Hassnain S. Response of mung bean genotypes to Rhizobium inoculum and varying levels of nitrogen fertilizer. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research. 2008;21(1/4):33-44.

Sadeghipour O, Monem R, Tajali AA. Production of Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) as affected by Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Application. Journal of Applied Science. 2010;10(10):843-847.