Determination of Combining Ability in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Main Article Content

Nousheen Saba
Syed Bilal Hussain
Ali Bakhsh
Muhammad Zubair


A 5×5 direct-crosses of Chickpea geneotypes (CM-98, Noor-91, Brittle-98, Punjab-2000 and Karak-1) were undertaken at Research area of the Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, FAS&T, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan. Then Model-I and Model-II of Griffing approach (1956) of half-diallel was used for combining ability analysis. The results pertaining to menas of all traits relative to general and specific combining ability were found highly significant (P≤ 0.01) which evidenced presence of ample differences among studied geneotypes. However, variance showed by specific combining ability for traits like fibre content, free extract (N.F.E.), protein content, fat, ash and nitrogen content, moisture content, plant height and biomass per plant as compared to general combining ability. These results are suggestive of predominantly under the control of non-additive gene action. On the other hand, the magnitude of variance resulted from GCA was higher than from SCA for pods per plant, 100-seed weight and grain yield that showed that additive genetic effects were important for them.

Legume, chickpea, combining ability, diallel cross, additive gene action.

Article Details

How to Cite
Saba, N., Hussain, S. B., Bakhsh, A., & Zubair, M. (2020). Determination of Combining Ability in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Asian Plant Research Journal, 5(4), 31-36.
Original Research Article


Zohary D, Hopf M. In Domestication of plants in the old world, 3rd ed., Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press; 2000.

Baloch MS, Zubair M. Effect of nipping on growth and yield of chickpea. J. Ani. Plant. Sci. 2010;20(3):208-210.

Abbo S, Berger J, Turner NC. Evaluation of cultivated Chickpea: four bottlenecks limit diversity and constrain adaptation. Functional Plant Bio. 2003;30: 1081-1087.

Anonymous. Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan. Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Live Stock, Economic Wing, Islamabad; 2006.

Saleem M, Zafar A, Ahsan M, Aslam M. Interrelationships and variability studies for grain yield and its various components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). J. Agri. & Soc. Sci. 2005;01-3:266-269.

Ali Q, Ahsan M. Estimation of genetic variability and correlation analysis for quantitative traits in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). IJAVMS. 20126(4): 241-249.

Huisman J, And Poel VD. Aspects of the nutritional quality and use of cool season food legumes in animal feed. 1994;53-76.

Arshad M, Bakhsh A, Bashir M, Haqqani AM. Determining the heritability and relationship between yield and yield compsonents in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Pak. J. Bot. 2002;34(3):237-245.

Sharma LK, Saini DP. Variability and association studies for seed yield and yield components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Res. J. Agri. Sci. 20101(3):209-211.

Muehlbauer FJ, Singh KB. Genetics of chickpea. In: Saxena MC, Singh KB. (eds), The chickpea. CABI. 1987;99-125.

Bibi R, Hussain SB, Khan AS, Raza I. Assessment of combining ability in bread wheat by using Line X Tester analysis under moisture stress conditions. Pak. J. Agri. Sci. 2013;50(1): 1-5.

Salimath PM, Bahl PN, Singh KB. Chickpea. In: Bahl, P. N. and Salimath, P. M. (eds), Genetics, Cytogenetics and breeding of crop plants. Science Publishers, Pulses and Oilseeds Inc., Enfield. 1996;1-47.

AACC.Approved methods of the American Association of Cereal Chemists. Am. Assoc. Creal Chem., Inc. St. Paul, Minnesota; 2000.

Griffing B. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel cross systems. Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 1956;9: 463-493.

Meena HSK, Kumar J, Yadav SS. Diallel analysis for components of genetic variation on traits related to drought tolerance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).Ind. J. Genet. PL. Breed. 2006;66(2).

Kumhar BL, Singh D, Bhanushally TB, Koli NR. Gene effects for yield and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under irrigated and rainfed conditions. J. Agric. Sci. 2013;5:3.

Jha U, Kole PC, Singh NP. Nature of gene action and combining ability analysis of yield and yield related traits in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) under heat stress. Ind. J. Agric. Sci. 2019;89(3):500-508.

Bicer T, Sarkar D. Heritability and gene effects for yield and yield components in chickpea. Hereditas. 2008;145(5):220-224.

Singh O, Gowda CLL, Sethi SC, Dasgupta T, Smithson JB. Genetic analysis of agronomic characters in chickpea. I: Estimates of genetic variances fromdiallel mating designs. Theor. Appl. Genet. 1992;83(8):956-962.

Patil JV, Kulkarni SS, Gawande VL. Genetics of quantitative characters in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Int. J. Pl. Sci. 2006;33:1-4.

Amadabade J, Arora A, Sahu H. Combining ability analysis for yield contributing characters in Chicpea. Elec. J. Plant. Bree. 2014;5(4):664-670.

Saxena K, Ravindrababu Y. Combining ability analysis for grain yield and its components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Bulle. Env. Pharm. Life Sci. 2017;6(3):421-424.