A Comprehensive Review on a Unani Dynamic Drug: Amla (Emblica officinalis)

Main Article Content

Arshi Anjum
Huda Nafees


Traditional system of medicine have been in vogue since ages. Amla is one of the herbal plant used in Unani medicine having very versatile actions.The word “Amla” is derived from an Arabic word ‘ambalji’ and in Persian it is called ‘amlah’. In english is commonly known by the name of Indian gooseberry. It is used as medicinally since centuries. Each and every part of the Amla tree is used medicinally but more commonly its fruit is used. It is mostly found in tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. All the information on the plant available in Urdu, Persian, Arabic language in classical Unani literature available in different libraries of India from recent to past were searched, for phyto-chemical and pharmacological activities and computerized databases such as Medline, Pubmed, Ovid SP, Google Scholar and Science-direct were searched. In unani classical texts, the temperament of Amlais mentioned as Barid 1°Yabis 2° and its actions are Qabiz, Muqawwie Meda, Muqawwie Shaar. The chemical constituents like amino acids alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, lysine and proline are present in major quantity. Several pharmacological studies have been carried out on it like anti-ulcer, immune modulatory, anti-inflammatory, antitussive and gastroprotective etc. It is used both as single as well as in compound formulations as an main ingredient like Jawarish Amla, Jawarishshahi, Anushdaru and Itrifalat. Through this review an attempt has made to reveal the Unani aspect of Amla and describe Unani pharmacological activities in the light of recent experiemental studies.

Amla, anti-inflammatory, mohallil, jawarishamla, anushdaru

Article Details

How to Cite
Anjum, A., & Nafees, H. (2020). A Comprehensive Review on a Unani Dynamic Drug: Amla (Emblica officinalis). Asian Plant Research Journal, 5(4), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/aprj/2020/v5i430111
Minireview Article


Srivasuki KP. Nutritional and health care benefits of Amla. Journal of Pharmacognosy. 2012;3(2):147-151.

Saad B, Said O. Greco-Arab and Islamic Herbal Medicine. New Jersey: Wiley Publications. 2011;238.

Krishnaveni M, Mirunalini S. Amla-The role of ayurvedic therapeutic herb in cancer. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2011;4(3):13-17.

Ramakrishna V, Gopi S, Setty OH. Indian gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica L.): Phytochemistry, pharmacology and therapeutics. Medicinal Plants: Phytochemistry, Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2:19-40.

Prajapati ND, Purohit SS, Sharma AK, Kumar T. A handbook of medicinal plants. Jodhpur (India): Agrobios. 2009;121-122,17-18,164-165,391-392.

Kabiruddin M. Makhzanul Mufradat. 2nd Ed. New Delhi: Idarae Kitabus Shifa. 2010; 133:257,380.

Hkm MA. Bustanul Mufradat. New Delhi: Idarae Kitabus Shifa. 2002;90-91:143-144,165.

Dymock W, Warden CJH, Hooper D. Pharmacographia Indica. Vol(1). New Delhi: Srishti Book Distributors. 2005;305-310,261-264

Anonymous. The Unani Pharmacopoeia of India. Part 1. Vol.1. New Delhi: GOI Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Dept. of AYUSH. 2007;5.

IbnBaitar Z. Al Jameul Mufradatul Adviawal Aghzia. Vol.1. New Delhi: CCRUM; YNM. 129-131.

Multani HC. Hindustan wa Pakistan ki jadi butiyan aur unke fawaid. Lahore: Maktabae Daniyal; YNM: 19.

Anonymous. Hamdard Pharmacopoeia of Eastern Medicine. New Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications. 1997;75:105,383-384.

Kabir H. Introduction to IlmulAdvia. Aligarh: Shamsher Publishers. 2002;126-127.

Razi AMZ. Kitabul Mansoori. New Delhi: CCRUM. 1991;134:143.

Rafiquddin M. Kanzul Advia Mufarrada. Aligarh: Muslim University Press. 1985; 113-114,203-204.

IbnBaitar Z. Al Jameul Mufradatul Adviawal Aghzia. New Delhi: CCRUM. 1999;3:32-33,129-131,316-320.

Khan MA. Muheete Azam. (Urdu translation). New Delhi: CCRUM; 2012; 1:213-215.

Aher AN, Pal SC, Yadav SK, Patil UK, Bhattacharya S. Isolation and characterization of phytoconstituents from Casuarina equisetifolia (Casuarinaceae). Asian Journal of Chemistry. 2010; 22(5):3429-3434.

Patel SS, Goyal RK. Emblica officinalis Geart: A Comprehensive Review on Phytochemistry, Pharmacology and Ethnomedicinaluses. Research J Med Plant. 2012;6(1):6-16.

Dweck AC. Emblica officinalis [Syn: Phyllanthus emblica] or Amla: the Ayurvedic wonder; 2020.

Dhale DA. Pharmacognostic Evaluation of Phyllanthus emblica Linn (Euphorbiaceae). International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 2012;3(3):210-217.

Thakur CP, Thakur B, Singh S, Sinha PK, Sinha SK. The Ayurvedic medicines Haritaki, Amala and Bahira reduce cholesterol induced atherosclerosis in rabbits. Int. J. Cardiol. 1988;21:167-175.

Ghosal, Tripathi VK, Chauhaun S. Active constituents of Emblica officinalis, Part I. The chemistry and antioxidant effects of two new hydrolysable tannins, emblicanin A and B. Indian Journal of Chem. 1996; 35:941-948.

Trivedi PC. Medicinal plants utilization and conservation. 2nd Ed. New Delhi; Aavishkar Publishers. 2009;147:270, 413.

Duke JA. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. 2nd ed. London: CRC Press. 2006;271-272,479,517- 519.

Anonymous. Useful Cosmetic Herbs for Skin care, Hair care, Beauty care & Toiletries. Institute of Natural & Modern Cosmetech, Haryana. 2000;7:58.

Khare CP. Indian medicinal plants: An illustrated dictionary. Berlin: Heidelberg Springer. 2007;19-20:131.

Prajapati ND, Kumar U. Agro’s dictionary of medicinal plants; Jodhpur (India): Agrobios. 2009;69.

Behl PN, Srivastava G. Herbs useful in Dermatological therapy. 2nded. New Delhi: CBS Publishers. 2002;70.

Singh E, Sharma S, Pareek A, Dwivedi J, Yadav S, Sharma S. Phytochemistry, traditional uses and cancer chemopreventive activity of Amla (Phyllanthus emblica): The Sustainer. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2011;02(01):176-183.

Srivasuki KP. Nutritional and health care benefits of Amla. Journal of Pharmacognosy. 2012;3(2):147-151.

Rahman S, Akbor MM, Howlader A, Jabbar A. Antimicrobial and cytotoxic activity of the alkaloids of Amlaki (Emblica officinalis). Pak J Biol Sciences. 2009; 12:1152-1155.

Chatterjee A, Chattopadhyay S, Bandyopadhyay SK. Biphasic effect of Phyllanthus emblica L. extract on NSAID-induced Ulcer: An Antioxidative trail weaved with immunomodulatory effect. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2011;1-12.

Luanpitpong S, Nimmanit U, Pongrkhananon V, Chanvorachote P. Emblica (Phyllanthus emblica Linn.) Friut Extract promotes proliferation in Dermal Papilla cells of human hair follicle. Research Journal of Medicinal Plant. 2011; 5(1):95-100.

Bhattacharya A, Chatterjee A, Ghosal S, Bhattacharya S.K. Antioxidant activity of active tannoidpriniciples of Emblica officinalis (Amla). Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 1999;37(7):676-80.

Anju L, Saikia H. Effects of Emblica officinalis (Amla) on Serum Lipids and Atherogenesis in Albino Rats Fed with High Fat Diet. Indian Medical Gazette. 2013;271-275.

Newman DJ, Cragg GM, Sander KM. The influence of natural products upon drug discovery.Natural Product Res. 2000;17: 215-234.