Planting and Harvesting Mechanization on Productivity, Energy Efficacy and Profitability of Potato Production

M A Hoque *

Farm Machinery and Postharvest Process Engineering Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh.

M A Rahman

Farm Machinery and Postharvest Process Engineering Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh.

N Jahan

Farm Machinery and Postharvest Process Engineering Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh.

T N Barna

Farm Machinery and Postharvest Process Engineering Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh.

M A Hossain

Training and Communication Wing, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Potato occupied the first position among all the vegetables in respect of area and total production in Bangladesh. Effective and efficient use of energy are necessary for an improved agricultural production. Therefore, this research was undertaken for potato production to assess productivity, quantify energy flow and financial profitability of different production systems. The experimented four systems were manual planting and manual harvesting, machine planting and manual harvesting, manual planting and machine harvesting and machine planting and machine harvesting, respectively. The experiment was conducted at Farm Machinery and Postharvest Process (FMP) Engineering Division of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) during 2017-18. Yield of potato including yield contributing characters for different treatments was not significantly varied. Direct energy was the highest in mechanical planting and harvesting system (25%) and the lower manual planting and harvesting system (18%). Indirect energy shared 82% in manual planting and harvesting system, 78% in machine planting and manual harvesting system, 80% in manual planting and mechanical harvesting system, and 75% in machine planting and machine harvesting system, respectively. The largest source of indirect energy consumption was from fertilizer (22-27% of the total energy). The higher specific energy of 1.93 MJ/kg was found in manually planted and mechanized harvesting system. The higher product value was from manual planting and mechanical harvesting system. The highest BCR (2.25) was found from machine planted and machine harvested followed by manually planted and mechanically harvested plot (2.16), machine planted and manually harvested plot (1.93) and manual planting and harvesting plot (1.91). Thus, mechanically planted and harvested system can be recommended for potato production since it can reduce 52% labour requirement than manual method and can give higher BCR among the tested production methods. 

Keywords: Potato, productivity, energy consumption, mechanical production, benefit-cost ratio


How to Cite

Hoque , M A, M A Rahman, N Jahan, T N Barna, and M A Hossain. 2024. “Planting and Harvesting Mechanization on Productivity, Energy Efficacy and Profitability of Potato Production”. Asian Plant Research Journal 12 (3):36-43. https://doi.org/10.9734/aprj/2024/v12i3251.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

BBS. Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka; 2022.

Islam AKMS. Status of rice farming mechanization in Bangladesh, J. Biosci. Agric. Res. 2018;17(1):1386–1395 Available:https://doi.org/10.18801/jbar.170118.171

Rahman MM, MR Ali, MMH Oliver, Hanif MA, Uddin MZ, Tamim-Ul Hasan, KK Saha, Islam MH, Moniruzzaman M. Farm mechanization in Bangladesh: A review of the status, roles, policy, and potentials. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research. 2021;6:1-7. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2021.100225

Vijayakumar S, Chatterjee D, Subramanian E, Ramesh K, Saravanane P. Efficient Management of Energy in Agriculture. In: Rakshit, A., Biswas, A., Sarkar, D., Meena, V.S., Datta, R. eds) Handbook of Energy Management in Agriculture. Springer, Singapore; 2023. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-7736-7_18-2

Hoque MA. Energy use efficiency of conservation agricultural based cropping systems. A PhD thesis. Department of Farm Power and Machinery, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh; 2017.

Hoque MA, Hossain MA. Development and adoption of low cost small potato planter and harvester for profitable potato production. A project completion report submitted to Krishi Gobeshona Foundation, Farmgate, Dhaka. 2020;1-54.

Hoque MA, Wohab MA, Hossain MA, Saha KK, Hassan MS. Design and development of a rotating cylinder potato grader. Journal of agricultural engineering the institution of engineers, Bangladesh. 2011;39(1):23-28.

Agha Alikhani MH, Kazemi-Poshtmasari, Habibzadeh F. Energy use pattern in rice production: A case study from mazandaran province, Iran. Energy Conversion and Management. 2013; 69:157-162.

Konieczna A, Roman K, Roman M. Sliwínski D, Roman M. Energy efficiency of maize production technology: Evidence from Polish Farms. Energies (MDPI), 2020;14:170.

Mohammadi A, Tabatabaeefar A, Shahin S, Rafiee S Keyhani A. Energy use and economical analysis of potato production in Iran a case study: Ardabil province. Energy Conversion and Management. 2008;49(12):3566-3570.

Alam MJ, Mahmud AA, Gaber A, Hossain A. Energy efficiency and water use indices for sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) production under subtropical climatic conditions of Bangladesh. Journal of Water and Climate Change. 2023;14 (2):5 76. DOI: 10.2166/wcc.2023.401

Shahin S, Jafari A, Mobli H, Rafiee S, Karimi M. Effect of farm size on energy ratio for wheat production: A case study from ardabil province of Iran. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. 2008; 3(4):604-608.

Erdal G, Esengun K, Erdal H, Gunduz O. Energy use and economic analysis of sugar beet production in Tokat province of Turkey. Energy 2007;32:35–41.

Ozkan B, Akcaoz H, Fert C. Energy Input Output Analysis in Turkish Agriculture. Renewable Energy. 2004;29:39–51.

Khosruzzaman S, Asgar MA, Karim N, Akbar S. Energy intensity and productivity in relation to agriculture–Bangladesh perspective. Journal of Agricultural Technology. 2010;6(4):615-63 0.

Singh JM. On farm energy use pattern in different cropping systems in Haryana, India. Master of Science. Germany: International Institute of Management, University of Flensburg; 2002.

Sartori L, Basso B, Bertocco M, Oliviero G. Energy use and economic evaluation three-year crop rotation for conservation and organic farming in NE Italy. Biosystems Engineering. 2005;91(2): 245-256.

Bulgakov V, Bonchik VI. Holovach I, Fedosiy V, Volskiy V, Melnik Ye. Ihnatiev J. Olt. Justification of parameters for novel rotary potato harvesting machine. Agronomy Research. 2021;19:994 –100 7. Available:https://doi.org/10.15159/AR.21.079

Ghahderijani M, Alireza K, Ahmad T, Mahmood O, Hamid KH. Evaluation and determination of energy consumption for potato production in various levels of cultivated areas in isfahan province of Iran (Case study: western of Isfahan province). International Agricultural Engineering Conference, Bangkok, Thailand. 2024;7 – 10.

Hamedani SR, Shabani Z, Rafiee S. Energy inputs and crop yield relationship in potato production in Hamadan province of Iran. Energy. 2011;36(5):2367-2371.

DOI:10.1016/j.energy.2011.01.013