Asian Plant Research Journal 2020-03-30T05:36:15+00:00 Asian Plant Research Journal Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Plant Research Journal (ISSN: 2581-9992)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers <a href="/index.php/APRJ/general-guideline-for-authors">(Click here for Types of paper)</a> in all aspects of plant research. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Effect of Plant Density on Growth and Yield of Maize [Zea mays (L.)] Hybrids at Luyengo, Middleveld of Eswatini 2020-03-30T05:36:15+00:00 Ndzimandze Sibonginkosi Mabuza Mzwandile Tana Tamado <p>Maize is staple food and the most cultivated crop in Eswatini. However, its yield is very low partly due to use of non-optimum plant density for different maturity group maize varieties. Thus, an experiment was conducted at Luyengo, Middleveld of Eswatini during the 2018/2019 cropping season. The experiment consisted of factorial combinations of two varieties [SC 403 (early maturing) and PAN 53 (medium maturing)] and three plant densities (44444 plants/ha, 50000 plants/ha, 57143 plants/ha) in randomised complete block design in three replications. Results showed that medium maturing maize variety PAN 53 had higher leaf area, leaf area index, plant height, cob height (139.4 cm), days to 90% anthesis (69 days), dry biomass, thousand kernels mass (374.0 g), grain yield (43.1 t/ha), and stover mass (59.8 t/ha) than the early maturing variety SC 403. With respect to the effect of plant density, as the plant density increased from 44444 to 57143 plants/ha, leaf area, dry biomass at V12 and R5 growth stages, number of cobs per plant, grain yield, stover mass, and thousand kernels mass (g) were decreased while the leaf area index was increased. The interaction effects of variety and plant density were not significant on all the parameters recorded. Thus, it can be concluded that medium maturing variety PAN 53 and plant density of 44444 plants/ha (90 cm ยด 25 cm) are best options to maximum productivity of maize in the study area. However, it is recommended that the experiment be repeated with inclusion of more varieties and densities to reach at more conclusive recommendation.</p> 2020-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Role of Medicinal Plants in Traditional Medicine in Adwa District, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia 2020-03-30T05:36:14+00:00 Temesgen Assefa Netsanet Nigussie Destaw Mullualem Gebiru Sinshaw Yeshaneh Adimasu <p>In Ethiopia, medicinal plants had been used since ancient time and became an important source of health care. Though majority of the people in the study area depend on ethnomedicine to manage different ailments, the indigenous knowledge largely is not documented. As a result, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted with the objective of assessing the role of medicinal plants in traditional medicine. Data was collected by using semi-structured interview and group discussion. Twenty informants were purposefully selected based on indigenous knowledge and gender. Ethnobotanical data was analyzed with descriptive statistics and expressed in tables and flow charts. A total of 25 medicinal plants (22 families) recorded to treat human and livestock ailments. Medicinal plant habit analysis indicates that shrubs occupy the highest proportion (36%), followed by trees and herbs (28% for each) and climbers (8%). The most commonly used plant parts in the study area were leaves and roots. Although medicinal plants play a great role in the society, their&nbsp; sustainability is declining through time in the study area due to the increasing number of users, improper uses of the plants and poor conservation. Therefore, the conservation of these medicinal plants would be important.</p> 2020-02-24T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Manganese (Mn) and Lead (Pb) Content in Lemna Culture Fertilized by Bioslurry 2020-03-30T05:36:12+00:00 Iskandar . Yuli Andriani Irfan Zidni <p><em>Lemna minor</em> is a small water plant that floats on water and has the potential to be fresh feed for fish. Bioslurry is a by-product of the management of biogas from livestock manure which is often used as fertilizer for plants because it contains nutrients in a readily available form. Among the contents contained in bioslurry, manganese and lead are important things related to their use for plants and fish. This study aims to determine the mineral (Mn) and lead (Pb) content in the medium of lemna cultivation which is fertilized with various doses of bioslurry. The study was conducted at the Ciparanje Experimental Pond, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia. This study used an experimental method with Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with four treatments with three replications. The treatment in the form of adding bioslurry to the lemna culture media was 0.00%, 0.25%, 1.00% and 2.50% of the volume of water. The minor density of Lemna used is 800 g/m<sup>2</sup>. The culture was carried out in 4 cycles for 7 days. The parameters observed were Mn and Pb content in the lemna culture medium shortly after the addition of Bioslurry and after 7 days of lemna cultivation. Based on the results of the study, the use of 2.5% bioslurry concentration can produce the highest Mn content with a range of 2.0-4.6 ppm and 2.92 ppm Pb content after 7 days of lemna cultivation. In addition, the use of 2.5% bioslurry concentration resulted in Mn and Pb values in the culture medium shortly after stirring bioslurry in the lemna culture media. Based on the research results, the treatment of adding 2.5% bioslurry to the lemna culture media is the best dose for produced Mn for fish, as well as the safest Pb for aquaculture activities.</p> 2020-03-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##