The Role of Medicinal Plants in Traditional Medicine in Adwa District, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Main Article Content

Temesgen Assefa
Netsanet Nigussie
Destaw Mullualem
Gebiru Sinshaw
Yeshaneh Adimasu

Abstract

In Ethiopia, medicinal plants had been used since ancient time and became an important source of health care. Though majority of the people in the study area depend on ethnomedicine to manage different ailments, the indigenous knowledge largely is not documented. As a result, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted with the objective of assessing the role of medicinal plants in traditional medicine. Data was collected by using semi-structured interview and group discussion. Twenty informants were purposefully selected based on indigenous knowledge and gender. Ethnobotanical data was analyzed with descriptive statistics and expressed in tables and flow charts. A total of 25 medicinal plants (22 families) recorded to treat human and livestock ailments. Medicinal plant habit analysis indicates that shrubs occupy the highest proportion (36%), followed by trees and herbs (28% for each) and climbers (8%). The most commonly used plant parts in the study area were leaves and roots. Although medicinal plants play a great role in the society, their  sustainability is declining through time in the study area due to the increasing number of users, improper uses of the plants and poor conservation. Therefore, the conservation of these medicinal plants would be important.

Keywords:
Ailment, ethnobotany, herbalist, medicinal plant, traditional medicine.

Article Details

How to Cite
Assefa, T., Nigussie, N., Mullualem, D., Sinshaw, G., & Adimasu, Y. (2020). The Role of Medicinal Plants in Traditional Medicine in Adwa District, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Asian Plant Research Journal, 3(3-4), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.9734/aprj/2019/v3i3-430067
Section
Original Research Article

References

World Health Organization. Planning for cost-effective traditional medicines in the new century: A discussion paper. Centre for Health Development; 2017.

World Health Organization. Traditional medicine. Fact Sheet No. 134; 2003.

Giday M, Teklehaymanot T. Ethnobotanical study of plants used in management of livestock health problems by Afar people of Ada‟ar District, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 2013;9:8.

Abbink. Medicinal and ritual plants of Ethiopian south west. An account of recent research. Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor. 1995;3(2):6-8.

TGEHSS (Transitional Government of Ethiopian Health Sector Strategy). Indigenous Knowledge and Development monitor, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 1995.

FDRE (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia). Ministry of Health: Assessment of Pharmaceutical Sector in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa; 2003.

Abebe D, Ayehu A. Medicinal plants and enigmatic health practices of northern Ethiopia. BS.P.E: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 1993.

Birhanu Z, Endale A, Shewamene Z. An ethnomedicinal investigation of plants used by traditional healers of Gondar town, North- Western Ethiopia. J. Med. Plants Stud. 2015; 3:36-43.

Amenu E. Use and management of medicinal plants by indigenous people of Ejaji Area (Chelya district) West Shoa, Ethiopia: An Ethnobotanical approach. MS.c Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa; 2007.

Hailemariam T, Demissew S, Asfaw Z. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local people in the lowlands of Konta Special Woreda, southern nations, nationalities and peoples regional state, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 2009;5:26.

Hunde D, Asfaw Z, Kelbessa E. Use of traditional medicinal plants by people of Boosat sub district, Central Eastern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Science. 2006; 16(2):141155.

Tolossa E. Use and Conservation of traditional medicinal plants by indigenous people in Gimbi Woreda, Western Wollega, Ethiopia. MS.c thesis, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa; 2007.

Fisseha Mesfin, Sebsebe Demissew, Tilahun Teklehaymanot. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia. J. Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2009;5:28.

Leulekal E, Kelbessa E, Bekele T, Yineger H. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Manna Angetu District, southeastern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 2008;4: 10.

Bizuayehu Behailu, Assefa Temesgen. Ethnobotanical value of medicinal plant diversity in Cheha district, Guraghe zone, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (SNNPR) of Ethiopia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 2017;11(28):445-454.

Maryo M, Nemomissa S, Bekele T. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants of the Kembatta ethnic group in Enset-based agricultural landscape of Kembatta Tembaro (KT) Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Pelagia Research Library. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research. 2015;5(7):42-61.

Tilahun T. Medicinal plant knowledge of bench ethnic group of Ethiopia, an ethnobotanical investigation. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 2009;5:34.

Amenu E. Use and management of medicinal plants by indigenous people of Ejaji Area (Chelya district) West Shoa, Ethiopia: An Ethnobotanical approach. MS.c Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa; 2007.

Bekele E. Study on actual situation of medicinal plants in Ethiopia. Prepared for Japan Association for International Collaboration of Agriculture and Forestry, Addis Ababa; 2011.

Gidey M. An ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants used by the Zay people in Ethiopia. Centrum för Biologisk Mångfald Skriftserie. 2001;3:81-99.

Ragunathan M, Solomon M. Ethnomedicinal survey of folk drugs used in Bahirdar Zuria district, north western Ethiopia. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 2009;8(2): 281-284.

Samuel Z. Ethinobotanical study of traditional medicinal plant in Gindeberet district, western Ethiopia. Mediterranean Journal of Science. 2011;2(4):51.

Zewdinesh D. Survey and identification of traditional medicinal plants in Arsi Zone, Sude Woreda, Ethiopia. A thesis submitted to the graduate studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Masters of Science in Biology. 2016;1-39.

Yirga G, Teferi M, Kasaye M. Survey of medicinal plants used to treat human ailments in Hawzen district, Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation. 2011;3(13):709-714.

Girmay T, Teshome Z. Assessment of traditional medicinal plants used to treat human and livestock ailments and their threatening factors in Gulomekeda District, Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Science and Technology. 2017;4:5061-5070.

Andrade-Cetto, Adolfo, Michael Heinrich. From the field into the lab: Useful approaches to selecting species based on local knowledge. Frontiers in Pharmacology. 2011;2:20.

Kidane B, Andel TV, van der Maesen LJG, Asfaw Z. Use and management of traditional medicinal plants by Maale and Ari ethnic communities in southern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 2014;10: 46.

Mekuanent T, Zebene A, Solomon Z. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Chilga District, Northwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Natural Remedies. 2105;15(2): 88-112.

Tewelde F, Mesfin M, Tsewene S. Ethnobotanical survey of traditional medicinal practices in Laelay Adi-yabo District, Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 2017;2(4):80-87.