Effect of Different Doses of Urea on the Yield of Boro Rice Varieties in Haor Areas of Bangladesh

Main Article Content

Mahmudul Karim
Md. Abul Kashem
Azmul Huda
Md. Abdul Aziz
Bani Krishna Goswami


The experiment was carried out at Sunamganj district during November 2016 to May 2017 to observed the effect of urea fertilizer on the yield of boro rice varieties in haor areas of Bangladesh. Two factors experiment viz. Varieties BRRI dhan29 and BRRI dhan58; and six urea fertilizer levels including: 340 (F1), 320 (F2), 300 (F3), 280 (F4), 260 (F5), and 165 kg ha-1 (F6) [Farmer’s practice (FP)] were used. In case of F1-F5, the MoP-TSP-CaS04-ZnS04 as 127-112-75-11 kg ha-1 were used while Farmers’ practice (FP) was done with only 82 kg ha-1 TSP. The experiment was laid out in two factors randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three farmers’ replications. Data were collected on growth, yield and yield contributing characters of boro rice. Plant height varied at harvest stage in relation to variety and fertilizer. The tillers production hill-1 varied at harvest in case of variety and urea application. Higher plant height was found in BRRI dhan58 (93.9 cm) in comparison to BRRI dhan29 (90.3 cm). Plant height was also influenced due to urea fertilizers application. The higher tillers hill-1 (15.9), effective tillers hill-1 (12.3) and longer panicle length (21.1 cm) were produced by BRRI dhan58 at harvest compared to BRRI dhan29. The longest panicle (21.4 cm) was produced in the treatment F3 (300 kg urea ha-1). Higher number of sterile spikelets panicle-1 (58.5) and 1000-grain weight (23.2 g) was produced by BRRI dhan58. Higher number of grains panicle-1 (137.5) was produced by BRRI dhan29. The highest grain yield (6.7 t ha-1) and straw yield (7.91 t ha-1) were obtained in the treatment F3 (300 kg urea ha-1). The experimental soil analyses showed that the nutrient contents in post-harvest soils were higher compared to initial soil due to balanced fertilizer application. It is concluded that 300 kg urea ha-1 promoted highest grain yield.

Fertilizer, Hoar, varieties, boro season.

Article Details

How to Cite
Karim, M., Kashem, M. A., Huda, A., Aziz, M. A., & Goswami, B. K. (2019). Effect of Different Doses of Urea on the Yield of Boro Rice Varieties in Haor Areas of Bangladesh. Asian Plant Research Journal, 3(2), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/aprj/2019/v3i230061
Original Research Article


BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh. Stat. Div. Min. Planning. Dhaka; 2018.

Rathnayaka RM, Iqbal YB, Rifnas LM. Influence of urea and nano-nitrogen fertilizers on the growth and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) Cultivar ‘Bg 250’. 2018;5 (2):7.

Nath A, Kashem MA, Ali S. Growth and yield performance of boro rice (BRRI dhan58) under different fertilizer and agronomic management in wetland. Inter. J of Agril. Res. 2018;13:53-57.

Adhikari J, Sarkar AR, Uddin MR, Sarker UK, Hossen K, Rosemila U. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer and weed management on the yield of transplant aman rice. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University. 2018;16(1): 12-6.

Awan TH, Ali RI, Manzoor Z, Ahmed M, Akhtar M. Effect of different nitrogen levels and row spacing on the performance of boro rice. 2011;31-57.

Uddin MH. Effect of plant spacing and nitrogen levels on yield of transplanted Aman rice cv. BR39.MS Thesis, Dept. Agron. Bangladesh Agric. Univ., Mymensingh. 2003;16–44.

Hossain SMA, Islam MS. Fertilizer Management in Bangladesh. Adv. Agron. Res. Inst., Joydebpur, Gazipur. 2006;48–54.

Bhuiya MSU, Hossain SMA., Kabir SKG. Nitrogen fertilization in rice cv. BR10 after green manuring. Bangladesh J. Agril. Sci. 1989;16(1):89–92.

Hussain T, Jilani G, Gaffer MA. Influence of level and time of N application on growth and yield of rice. Intl. Rice Res. Newsl. 1989;14(6):18.

Islam MR, Haque MS, Bhuiya ZH. Effect of nitrogen and sulphur fertilization on yield response and nitrogen and sulphur composition of rice. Bangladesh J. Agril. Sci. 1990;17(2):299–302.

Goswami B, Kashem M, Aziz M, Saha T. Effect of triple super phosphate on the growth and yield of boro rice in Haor Areas of Sunamganj District in Bangladesh. Asian J. of Adv. in Agril. Res. 2019;10(1): 1-8.

Al-Amin. Effect of fertilizers on the yield gap minimization of boro rice varieties in hoar areas. MS Thesis, Department of Soil Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet. 2016;31-57.

Mazumder N, Sultana T, Paul P, Noor MM. Influence of NPK fertilizer and spacing on growth parameters of onion (Allium cepa L. Var. BARI piaz-1). Res. in Agric. Lives. and Fish. 2019;6(1):19-25.

Chaturvedi I. Effect of nitrogen fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of hybrid rice (Oryza sativa). J. of Central Euro. Agric. 2005;6(4):611-8.

Sultana S, Hashem MA, Haque TS, Baki MZ, Haque MM. Optimization of nitrogen dose for yield maximization of BRRIdhan49. Ameri. J. of Biol. and Life Sci. 2015;3(3):58-64.

Mizan R. Effect of nitrogen and plant spacing on the yield of boro rice cv. BRRI dhan45. MS Thesis, Department of Agronomy, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. 2010;32.

Sarker AK. Effect of variety and nitrogen level on yield and yield performance of transplanted aman rice. MS. Thesis in Agronomy, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. 2012;25-27.

Khatun AM, Quais MK, Sultana HA, Bhuiyan MK, Saleque MA. Nitrogen fertilizer optimization and its response to the growth and yield of lowland rice. Res. on Crop Ecophy. 2015;10(2):1-6.

Karim MR, Mazumder NI, Sultana T, Haque MS, Roy DC, Noor MMA, Mondal MTR. Effect of nitrogen on growth, productivity and seed quality of long grain rice. Res. Agric. Livest. Fish. 2019;6(2): 279-287.

Yoshida S, Cock JH, Parao FT. Physiological aspects of high yield. Int. Rice Res. Inst. Rice Breeding. 1972;455-469.

Meena SL, Sundera S, Shivay YS. Response to hybrid rice to nitrogen and potassium application in sandy clay-loam soils. Indian J. of Agril. Sci. 2003;73(1):8-11.

Shamsuddin AM, Islam MA, Hossain A. Comparative study on the yield and agronomic characters of nine cultivars of aus rice. Bangladesh. J. of Agril. Sci. 1988; 15(1):121-124.

Liu Y, Li C, Fang B, Fang Y, Chen K, Zhang Y, Zhang H. Potential for high yield with increased seedling density and decreased N fertilizer application under seedling-throwing rice cultivation. Scientific Reports. 2019;9(1):731.

Puteh AB, Mondal MM. Growth and yield performance of rice as affected by nitrogen rate. Life Sci. J. 2014;11(8):653-5.

Singh S, Shivay YS. Coating of prilled urea with eco-friendly neem (Azadirachta indica A.Juss.). Indian J. of Agron. 2003;51(1):53-59.

Yoseftabar S, Fallah A, Daneshian J. Comparing of yield and yield components of hybrid rice (Grh1) in different application of nitrogen fertilizer. Inter. J. of Biol. 2012;4 (4):60-5.

Kausar K, Akbar M, Rasul E, Ahmad AN. Physiological responses of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on growth and yield of wheat. Pakistan J. Agric. Res. 1993;14:2–3.

Salem AKM, EIKhoby WM, Khalifa AB, Ceesay M. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer and seedling age on inbred and hybrid rice varieties. American-Eurasian J. of Agril Environ. Sci. 2011;11(5):640-646.

Rahman MM, Sarker MNH, Aktar FMF, Masood MM. Comparative yield performance of two high yielding rice varieties to different nitrogen levels. Bangladesh J. of Crop Sci. 2012;16.

Wilhelm WW. Dry matter partitioning and leaf area of winter wheat grown in a long term fallow tillage comparisons in U.S. Central Great Plans. Soil and Tillage Res. 1998;49:49–56.

Kirrilov YAI, Pavlov VD. Effect of fertilizer on yield and protein contents in wheat grain. Agrochim. 1989;1:49–51.

Singh VP, Uttam SK. Response of wheat cultivars to different nitrogen levels under sown conditions. Crop Res., Hisar. 1992;5: 82–6.

Hirzel J, Cordero K, Fernández C, Acuña J, Sandoval M, Zagal E. Soil potentially mineralizable nitrogen and its relation to rice production and nitrogen needs in two paddy rice soils of Chile. J. of Plant Nutri. (In press); 2011.

Shekara BG, Shivakumara GB, Manjunath B, Malikarjuna N, Sudarashan GK, Ravikumar B. Effect of different level and time of nitrogen application on growth yield and nutrient uptake in aerobic rice (Oryza sativa L.). Environ and Eco. 2011;29(2A): 892-895.

BARC. Fertilizer recommendation guide. Department of Agriculture Extension. 2012; 84.