Effect of Vermicompost and Earthing Up on the Growth and Yield of Onion

Main Article Content

Shirajum Monira
Tahmina Mostarin
Khaleda Khatun
Md. Ehsanul Haq
Ismita Akter Soniya
Sanjida Akhter
Iffat Sharmin
Avijit Ghosh


A field research was conducted at the Horticultural Farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207 during the period from October 2017 to March 2018 to study the effect of vermicompost and earthing upon growth and yield of onion. The experiment consists of two factors. Factor-A Vermicompost V0 (control), V1 (6 t ha-1 vermicompost), V2 (10 t ha-1 vermicompost) and V3 (14 t ha-1 vermicompost) and Factor-B Earthing up E0 (control), E1 (Two times earthing up) and E2 (Three times earthing up). The experiment was laid out in RCBD (Randomized Complete Block Design) with three replications. The collected data were statistically analyzed. Results revealed that in terms of vermicompost application The highest fresh weight bulb-1 (40.07 g), yield plot-1 (527.89 g) and yield ha-1 (5.39 t) were found from the treatment V3 compared to V0 (control) treatment. Again, in terms of different earthing up treatments, the highest fresh weight bulb-1 (32.48 g), yield plot-1 (431.67 g) and yield ha-1 (4.41 t) were found from the treatment E2 (Three times earthing up) compared to E0 (control) treatment. Both vermicompost and earthing up and their combination showed a considerable variation on different growth and yield parameters of onion. The highest fresh weight bulb-1 (42.73 g), yield plot-1 (567.33 g) and yield ha-1 (5.79 t) were found from the treatment combination of V3E2 compared to control V0E0 (control) treatment combination. And it may be summarized that 14 t/ha vermicompost with three times earthing up performed the maximum yield compared to other treatments.

Earthing up, onion, vermicompost and yield.

Article Details

How to Cite
Monira, S., Mostarin, T., Khatun, K., Haq, M. E., Soniya, I. A., Akhter, S., Sharmin, I., & Ghosh, A. (2019). Effect of Vermicompost and Earthing Up on the Growth and Yield of Onion. Asian Plant Research Journal, 3(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.9734/aprj/2019/v3i130059
Original Research Article


Hernandez AH, Castillo D, Ojeda A, Arras J, Lopez, Sanchez E. Effect of vermicompost and compost on lettuce production. Chilean J. Agric. Res. 2010;70 (4):583-589.

Rahman MA, Mahmud JA, Islam MM. Influence of mulching on the growth and yield of onion. Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2013;3 (24):3497-3501.

BBS. Statistical year book of Bangladesh. 27th editions. Statistics and informatics division, ministry of planning, government of the people’s republic of Bangladesh. 2015;137-138.

BBS. Statistical year book of bangladesh. 23th editions. Statistics and informatics division, ministry of planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. 2012;107.

Aisha AH, Rizk FA, Shaheen AM, Abdel-Mouty MM. Onion plant growth, bulbs yield and its physical and chemical properties as affected by organic and natural fertilization. Res. J. Agric. and Biol. Sci. 2007;3(5): 380-388.

Tindall M. Mineral and organic fertilizing in cabbage. Residual effect for commercial cultivation on yield and quality performance with organic farming. Hort. Bras. 2000;6(1):15-20.

Shedeed SI, EL-Sayed, SAA, Abo Bash DM. Effectiveness of bio-fertilizers with organic matter on the growth, yield and nutrient content of Onion (Allium cepa L.) plants. European Int. J. Sci. Tech. 2014;3 (9):115-122.

Shaheen AM, Rizk FA, Singer SM. Growing onion plants without chemical fertilization. Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 2007;3 (2):95-104.

Anonymous. Earthworm vermicompost: A powerful crop nutrient over the conventional compost & protective soil conditioner against the destructive chemical fertilizers for food safety and security. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science. 2009;5: 01-55.

Anonymous. Chinese cabbage or pet-sai in: Vegetable production in the sub-tropics and tropics. Overseas Technical Cooperation Agency, Japan, Text Book. 1992;25:146 - 157.

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Bierman P, Metzger JD, Lucht C. Effects of vermicomposts produced from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste on the growth and yield of peppers in the field. Pedobiologia. 2005;49:297-306.

Arora VK, Singh CB, Sidhu AS, Thind SS. Irrigation, tillage and mulching effects on soybean yield and water productivity in relation to soil texture. Agric Water Manag. 2011;98(4):563–568.

Tesfaye G, Derbew B, Solomon T. Combined effect of plant spacing and time of earthingup on tuber quality parameters of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Degem district, North Showa Zone of Oromia regional state. Asian J. Crop Sci. 2013;5(1):24-32.

Mukherjee PK, Rahaman S, Maity SK, Sinha B. Weed management practices in potato. Solanum tuberosum L. Japanese Crop Weed. 2012;8(1):178-180.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedure for agricultural research (2nd edn.). Int. Rice Res. Inst. A Willey Int. Sci. Pub. 1984;28-192.

Reddy KC, Reddy KM. Differential levels of vermicompost and nitrogen on growth and yield in onion (Allium cepa L.) and radish (Raphanus sativus L.) cropping system. Journal of Research Angra U. 2005;33(1):11-17.

Kaswan PK, Yadav PK, Sharma BD. Response of onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties to FYM in arid region of Western Rajasthan. Annals of Horticulture. 2013;6 (1):30-34.

Ali MK, Alam MN, Barkotulla MAB, Khandaker SMAT, Simon PW. Effect of earthing up and level of irrigation on yield and quality seed production of onion. Progress. Agric. 2007;18(2): 81-91.

BARI. Krishi projukti hatboi, bangladesh agricultural research institute. Joydevpur, Gazipur. 2012;1701:304.

Gopakkali P, Sharanappa. Effect of organic farming practices on growth, yield, quality and economics of onion (Allium cepa L.) in dry zone of Karnataka. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2014;59(2):336- 340.

Zedan GJ. Effect of organic manure and harvest date on growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.). Journal of Tikrit University for Agricultural Sciences. 2011;11(1):263-275.

Mandal J, Ghosh C, Chattopadhyay GN. Proportional substitution of chemical fertilizers with vermicompost on growth and production potential of onion (Allium cepa L.). International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 2013; 4(2):356-357.

Dhaker B, Sharma RK, Chhipa BG, Rathore RS. Effect of different organic manures on yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2017;6(11): 3412-3417.

Degwale A. Effect of vermicompost on growth, yield and quality of garlic (Allium sativum l.) in enebse sar midir district, northwestern ethiopia. Journal of Natural Sciences Research. 2016;6(3):51-63.

Ansari AA. Effect of vermicompost and vermiwash on the productivity of spinach (Spinacia oleracea), onion (Allium cepa L.) and potato (Solanum tuberosum). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2008;4(5): 554-557.